Caste is a traditional system of social stratification that has played a significant role in Nepali society. It is based on the belief that a person’s social status and occupation are determined by their birth and that these social divisions are hereditary.
In Nepal, the caste system is hierarchical, with the Brahmin caste, which consists of priests and scholars, at the top, followed by the Kshatriya, the Vaishya, and the Shudra. The Dalits, or “untouchables,” are considered the lowest caste and have traditionally faced discrimination and social exclusion.
The caste system has a long history in Nepal and has been influenced by both Hinduism and Buddhism. It has undergone significant changes over the years, and efforts have been made to dismantle the system and promote social equality.
The Nepali constitution, which was adopted in 2015, prohibits discrimination on the basis of caste and provides for affirmative action in favor of marginalized groups. Despite these efforts, caste-based discrimination and social exclusion continue to be problems in Nepal, particularly in rural areas.
Overall, the caste system has had a significant impact on Nepali society and continues to shape social relationships and hierarchies in the country. It is an important aspect of Nepal’s cultural and social landscape and has played a role in shaping the country’s history and development.