Nepal is a small landlocked country located in South Asia, between India and China. Its foreign policy has traditionally been one of non-alignment and neutrality, and the country has sought to maintain good relations with both of its neighbors. Nepal has also sought to build strong relationships with other countries through its membership in regional organizations such as the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC).
The fundamental principles of Nepal’s foreign policy are:
- National independence: Nepal seeks to preserve its sovereignty and independence and to maintain its territorial integrity.
- Non-alignment: Nepal is committed to the principle of non-alignment and has traditionally avoided taking sides in international conflicts.
- Peaceful coexistence: Nepal promotes peaceful relations with all countries and seeks to resolve disputes through peaceful means.
- Mutual benefit: Nepal seeks to develop mutually beneficial relations with other countries based on principles of equality and mutual respect.
- International cooperation: Nepal is committed to international cooperation and works with other countries to address global challenges such as climate change, terrorism, and poverty.