Makwanpur district is a district located in the central region of Nepal. It is part of the Bagmati Province and is the second most populous district in the province, with a population of approximately 587,000 people according to the 2011 Nepal Census. The district is located approximately 50 kilometers south of the capital city of Kathmandu and covers an area of 1,426 square kilometers.
The district is known for its natural beauty, with a diverse landscape that includes forests, hills, and rivers. The district is also home to several protected areas, including the Churiya Hills, the Roshi Khola Forest, and the Makwanpur Gadhi.
The district is divided into six municipalities and 25 rural municipalities. The main language spoken in the district is Nepali, although there are also many ethnic groups who speak their own languages, including Newari, Tharu, and Tamang.
The district is home to several important cultural and historical sites, including the Makwanpur Gadhi, a hilltop fort that was built in the 16th century and served as a strategic military point. The district is also home to the Hetauda Bazaar, a popular market that has been in operation for over 200 years.
The economy of Makwanpur district is primarily agricultural, with rice, wheat, and maize being the main crops grown in the region. The district is also home to a number of small-scale industries, including textiles, pottery, and woodworking.
Despite its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage, Makwanpur district faces a number of challenges, including poor infrastructure, limited access to education and healthcare, and environmental degradation. In recent years, the district has implemented a number of initiatives to address these issues, including the construction of new roads, the expansion of healthcare facilities, and the promotion of sustainable farming practices.
Overall, Makwanpur district is a vibrant and diverse region of Nepal with a rich history and culture. While it faces a number of challenges, the district is home to a resilient and hardworking population that is working to build a better future for themselves and their families.