The modern period in Nepal’s history is generally considered to have begun in the 19th century, following the end of the medieval period and the unification of Nepal under the rule of the Shah dynasty in the 18th century.
During the modern period, Nepal underwent significant political and social changes. In the 19th century, Nepal faced pressure from the British Empire to open up its borders and to enter into trade agreements. As a result, Nepal began to modernize and to adopt more Western ideas and technologies.
In the early 20th century, Nepal faced pressure from the newly independent India to modernize and to adopt a more democratic form of government. In 1951, Nepal adopted a new constitution and became a constitutional monarchy, with the king serving as the head of state and a prime minister serving as the head of government.
In the late 20th century, Nepal faced political instability and civil unrest, with numerous protests and uprisings against the government. In the early 21st century, Nepal underwent a major political transformation, with the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal democratic republic in 2008.
Today, Nepal is a developing country that is facing numerous challenges, including political instability, economic inequality, and environmental issues. However, it is also a country with a rich cultural heritage and a vibrant and diverse society. The modern period in Nepal’s history is marked by significant political and social changes.