Prithvi Narayan Shah was the founder of the Gorkha State in Nepal and is remembered as a great military strategist and a visionary leader who played a pivotal role in the unification of Nepal. He is considered the father of modern Nepal and is revered as a national hero.
Born in 1723, Prithvi Narayan Shah was the son of King Narabhupal Shah and Queen Kausalyawati. He was raised in the court of the Gorkha State, which was located in the town of Gorkha, in present-day Nepal. From a young age, Prithvi Narayan Shah was interested in politics and military strategy, and he received a rigorous education in these subjects.
In 1742, at the age of 19, Prithvi Narayan Shah inherited the throne of the Gorkha State upon the death of his father. As king, he was determined to expand the kingdom and to unite the various small states in Nepal under a single rule. He launched a campaign of military conquest, known as the Nepal Unification Campaign, which lasted for more than three decades.
Prithvi Narayan Shah was a brilliant military strategist and was able to defeat many of the neighboring states, including the powerful Kingdom of Kathmandu, which was the largest and most powerful state in Nepal at the time. He was able to bring the conquered states under his rule and to establish the Gorkha State as a major power in the region.
In 1768, Prithvi Narayan Shah declared the Gorkha State to be the Kingdom of Nepal and made himself the first king of the new kingdom. He is remembered as a great national hero and is revered for his role in the unification of Nepal.
Overall, Prithvi Narayan Shah played a crucial role in the history of Nepal and is remembered as a visionary leader and a military genius who was able to bring the country together and establish it as a major power in the region. His legacy is still celebrated in Nepal today and he is remembered as a national hero.