Rukum district is a district located in the mid-western region of Nepal. It is part of the Rapti Province and is the second largest district in the province, covering an area of 2,162 square kilometers. According to the 2011 Nepal Census, the district has a population of approximately 287,000 people.
The district is located in the western part of the Inner Tarai region, and is bordered by Rolpa district to the east, Jajarkot district to the west, Salyan district to the south, and Rasuwa district to the north. The district is characterized by a diverse landscape that includes forests, hills, and rivers.
The district is divided into six municipalities and six rural municipalities. The main language spoken in the district is Nepali, although there are also many ethnic groups who speak their own languages, including Magar, Gurung, and Chepang.
The economy of Rukum district is primarily agricultural, with rice, wheat, and maize being the main crops grown in the region. The district is also home to a number of small-scale industries, including textiles, pottery, and woodworking.
Despite its natural beauty and rich cultural heritage, Rukum district faces a number of challenges, including poor infrastructure, limited access to education and healthcare, and environmental degradation. In recent years, the district has implemented a number of initiatives to address these issues, including the construction of new roads, the expansion of healthcare facilities, and the promotion of sustainable farming practices.
Rukum district is also home to a number of important cultural and historical sites, including the Rolwaling Valley, a popular trekking destination that is known for its natural beauty and diverse flora and fauna. The district is also home to the Rukum Gadhi, a hilltop fort that was built in the 16th century and served as a strategic military point.
Overall, Rukum district is a vibrant and diverse region of Nepal with a rich history and culture. While it faces a number of challenges, the district is home to a resilient and hardworking population that is working to build a better future for themselves and their families.