Nepal is a country with a diverse and complex social structure, and the caste system has played a significant role in shaping this structure. The caste system in Nepal is a social hierarchy that is based on the concept of purity and pollution, and it divides people into different castes based on their occupation and social status.
There are four main castes in Nepal: the Brahmins, the Chhetris, the Vaishyas, and the Shudras. The Brahmins are the highest caste, and they are traditionally associated with spiritual and intellectual pursuits. The Chhetris are the second-highest caste, and they are traditionally associated with warrior and ruling class occupations. The Vaishyas are the third-highest caste, and they are traditionally associated with trade and commerce. The Shudras are the lowest caste, and they are traditionally associated with manual labor and menial occupations.
In addition to the four main castes, there are also several subcastes in Nepal, and these subcastes are based on a person’s occupation, region, or ethnicity. For example, the Newar are a subcaste of the Shudra caste, and they are indigenous to the Kathmandu Valley. The Thakali are another subcaste, and they are traditionally associated with trade and commerce.
Overall, the caste system in Nepal is a complex and multifaceted social structure, and it has had a significant impact on the country’s social and cultural development.