Nepal is a diverse and multilingual country, with over 100 different languages spoken within its borders. Nepali, also known as Khas-Kura, is the official language of Nepal and is spoken by the majority of the population. It is written in the Devanagari script and belongs to the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
Other major languages spoken in Nepal include Maithili, Bhojpuri, and Tharu. Maithili is a member of the Indo-Aryan language family and is spoken by around 10% of the population, mostly in the eastern region of Nepal. Bhojpuri is another Indo-Aryan language spoken by a significant number of people in Nepal, particularly in the southern and western regions. Tharu is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken by the Tharu people, who are native to the Terai region of Nepal.
In addition to these major languages, there are also many other languages spoken by smaller ethnic groups in Nepal, including Tamang, Gurung, Limbu, Magar, and Rai. These languages reflect the cultural and linguistic diversity of Nepal, and many of them are endangered due to the influence of Nepali and other major languages.
In conclusion, Nepal is home to a rich linguistic diversity, with many different languages spoken throughout the country. Nepali is the official language, but there are also many other languages spoken by different ethnic groups, reflecting the country’s cultural diversity.