The People’s Movement of 1990, also known as the Jana Andolan, was a popular uprising in Nepal that overthrew the government and led to the adoption of a new constitution that established Nepal as a federal democratic republic. The Jana Andolan marked the end of the panchayat system, which was a single-party authoritarian system of government, and the beginning of a new era of democracy and political freedoms in Nepal.
After the Jana Andolan, Nepal underwent significant political and social changes. Political parties were allowed to form and operate, and elections were held regularly. However, political instability and civil unrest continued to plague Nepal, and the country experienced numerous coups and uprisings in the following decades.
In the late 20th and early 21st centuries, Nepal faced pressure from the international community to improve human rights and to establish a more democratic form of government. In 2006, Nepal experienced another popular uprising, known as the People’s War, which led to the abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal democratic republic in 2008.
The politics of Nepal since the Jana Andolan have been marked by significant changes and challenges, but they have also been a time of progress and hope for the future. The Jana Andolan played a crucial role in the political development of Nepal and is remembered as a turning point in the country’s history.