There have been several people’s movements in Nepal’s history that have played a significant role in shaping the country’s political and social landscape.
One of the most significant people’s movements in Nepal’s history was the Jana Andolan, or “People’s Movement,” which took place in 1990. The Jana Andolan was a popular uprising that overthrew the government and led to the adoption of a new constitution that established Nepal as a federal democratic republic. The Jana Andolan marked the end of the panchayat system, which was a single-party authoritarian system of government, and the beginning of a new era of democracy and political freedoms in Nepal.
Another significant people’s movement in Nepal’s history was the Madhesh Movement, which took place in 2007. The Madhesh Movement was a protest movement that was led by the Madhesi people, who are a minority group in Nepal. The Madhesh Movement was sparked by the government’s failure to address the grievances and demands of the Madhesi people, who were seeking greater political representation and rights. The Madhesh Movement led to the adoption of a new constitution in Nepal and the establishment of a federal system of government.
There have been many other people’s movements in Nepal’s history, including the People’s War (1996-2006), the Janajati Movement (2001-2006), and the Khas-Arya Movement (2017). These movements have played a significant role in shaping Nepal’s political and social landscape and have helped to bring about significant political and social changes in the country.