After the Rana period, Nepal underwent significant political development and underwent a process of modernization and democratization.
In 1951, King Tribhuvan, who had been exiled by the Ranas, returned to Nepal and was restored to the throne. The Ranas were forced to give up their monopoly on political power, and Nepal began the process of modernizing and democratizing.
In 1959, Nepal adopted a new constitution and became a multiparty democracy. Political parties were allowed to form and operate, and elections were held regularly. However, political instability and civil unrest continued to plague Nepal, and the country experienced numerous coups and uprisings in the following decades.
In the late 20th century, Nepal faced pressure from the international community to improve human rights and to establish a more democratic form of government. In 1990, a popular uprising overthrew the government, and a new constitution was adopted that established Nepal as a federal democratic republic.
Today, Nepal is a federal democratic republic with a multi-party system of government. It is a developing country that is facing numerous challenges, including political instability, economic inequality, and environmental issues. However, it is also a country with a rich cultural heritage and a vibrant and diverse society. The political development of Nepal after the Rana period has been marked by significant changes and challenges, but it has also been a time of progress and hope for the future.