The period from the referendum in 1980 to the mass movement in 1990 marked a significant time of political change and transformation in Nepal.
In 1980, a referendum was held in Nepal to determine whether the country should adopt a multiparty democracy or continue with the panchayat system, which was a single-party authoritarian system of government that had been in place since the 1960s. The referendum resulted in a narrow victory for the panchayat system, but the opposition parties rejected the results and continued to push for democratic reforms.
Throughout the 1980s, Nepal experienced increasing political instability and civil unrest, with numerous protests and uprisings against the government. In 1990, a popular uprising, known as the Jana Andolan, or “People’s Movement,” overthrew the government and led to the adoption of a new constitution that established Nepal as a federal democratic republic.
The period from the referendum in 1980 to the mass movement in 1990 was a time of significant political change and transformation in Nepal. The Jana Andolan marked the end of the panchayat system and the beginning of a new era of democracy and political freedoms in Nepal.